By Seyyed Hossein Nasr
This is often the one booklet to accommodate classical Islamic cosmology because it was once formulated through the Ikhwan al-S'afa al Biruni and Ibn Sina throughout the 10th and 11th centuries. those figures prompted the entire later centuries of Islamic historical past and actually created the cosmological framework in which all later clinical job within the Islamic international used to be carried out--the enduring picture of the cosmos in which Muslims have lived in the past millennium.
Nasr writes from in the Islamic culture and demonstrates how, in keeping with the lessons of the Quran and the Prophet, the figures taken care of during this paintings built-in components drawn from quite a few old faculties of philosophy and the sciences. This booklet is exclusive in its remedy of classical Islamic cosmology as visible from in the Islamic world-view and offers a key for knowing of conventional Islamic thought.
“…the quantity of educational literature dedicated to the way in which in which Muslims in classical and medieval Islam expected the cosmos is negligible. There are, even though, a few noteworthy exceptions. An advent to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines is one among them.” — Parabola
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Extra info for An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines
It was this common factor of seeking to discover and demonstrate the unicity of Nature among such ancient cosmological sciences as those of the Pythogoreans and Hermeticists that made them conformable to the form of the Islamic Revelation and easily assimilable into its perspective. "' The form of the Islamic Revelation was in this way directly responsible for the integration of the ancient sciences into Islam as well as for the types of sciences cultivated in the Muslim world itself. The doctrine of the unicity of Nature which is based upon that of Unity and which thus relies on the essence and spirit of the form of Revelation in Islam, is, therefore, the ultimate aim of all the sciences of Nature, and the degree to which a science succeeds in expressing thTs unicity the criterion by which the success and validity of that science are judged.
Moreover, the Revelation of Islam was given in the form of a sacred book, the Holy Quran, whose centrality and importance in all facets of Islamic culture and more specifically in the attitude toward Nature, can hardly be overemphasized. The Quran, this intertwining of the beauty of the geometry of the crystal and the profusion of the plant, refers constantly to the phenomena of Nature as signs of God to be contemplated by the believers. " 10 The pre-Islamic Arabs to whom the Quran was first addressed had a great love for Nature and like all the nomads who wander endlessly in the great expanses of virgin Nature had a deep intuition of the 9 It is quite significant that the phenomena of Nature, the events taking place within the soul of man, and the verses of the Quran are all called iiyiit, the human soul and Nature being respectively the microcosmic and macrocosmic counterparts of the celestial archetypes contained in the Divine Word.
Many Sunni caliphs and princes, from the legendary Khiilid ibn Yazid to Hiirun al-Rashid, and from Ma'mun in the East to 'Abd ai-Rabmiin III in Andalusia, and wazirs like Rashid al-Din Fa<;llalliih were ardent supporters of the arts and sciences and played an essential role in the propagation and cultivation of the sciences in the Islamic world. The early Abbasid caliphs also interested themselves in Greek learning in order to protect the faith of the community from the acquired instrument of Greek logic by the use of that instrument itself.
An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines by Seyyed Hossein Nasr