By Jørn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, Anders Ekbom
An creation to Epidemiology for overall healthiness Professionals
Jorn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, and Anders Ekbom
Who will get in poor health? What factors—genetic, environmental, social—contribute to their illness?
Easy adequate to invite, however the solutions have gotten more and more advanced. this day, because the public concerns approximately rising ailments and the notice epidemic is a part of the overall dialogue, epidemiology will be a uncomplicated component to scientific education, but frequently it truly is undertaught or maybe ignored. Concise and readable whereas additionally rigorous and thorough, An advent to Epidemiology for overall healthiness Professionals is going past common textbook content material to floor the reader in clinical equipment so much proper to the present future health panorama and the evolution of evidence-based medicine—valuable keys to higher realizing of disorder approach, potent prevention, and specified therapy. This volume:
- Presents fabric accessibly for readers who can have now not studied epidemiology.
- Focuses both in descriptive and analytic branches of epidemiology.
- Demonstrates purposes of descriptive and analytic tools in public future health, genetic epidemiology, and medical epidemiology.
- Includes a "Sources of errors" part addressing difficulties in inference and decision-making, choice bias, and different universal pitfalls.
In addition to its usefulness for graduate scholars in public health and wellbeing and scientific scholars in scientific epidemiology, An advent to Epidemiology for well-being Professionals is a well timed reference for practitioners wanting a refresher during this very important self-discipline.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Epidemiology for Health Professionals
We call bronchial reaction a collider in the path between air pollution and sex. Since both arrows point toward bronchial reaction we would establish a link between air pollution and sex since they are both causes of this bronchial reaction. A collider can therefore lead to a misleading result if it is included improperly in the analysis. The DAG tells us we should not just include all potential confounders in our analysis. A simpler description of a collider could be presented by the below diagram.
Humans have 23 pairs of chromosomes made up of some 3 billion nucleotides (A, C, G, and T) of DNA. There are over 20,000 genes scattered across the human chromosomes, most containing in their DNA sequences the information for the amino acid sequence and time/place of expression of a particular protein. We receive one chromosome (and one copy of each of the genes on that chromosome) from our mother and one from our father. Variation in the DNA sequence can result in different alleles or forms of the gene and these individual differences are inherited according to Mendel’s laws of transmission resulting in dominant, recessive, or X-linked forms of inheritance.
For more information on DAG the reader is referred to Chapter 12 in Rothman et al. (2008) . References 1. ). Cancer Incidence in Five Continents, Volume V. IARC, Lyon, 1987. 2. Occupational Health Decennial Supplement. Office for National Statistics (ONS) & Health and Safety Executive (HSE), published every ten years, ISBN=9780116916181. 3. ). Maxcy-Rosenau-Last. Public Health & Preventive Medicine, 13th Edition. Appleton & Lange, Norwalk, Connecticut/San Mateo, CA, 1992. 4. ). Global Burden of Disease and Risk Factors.
An Introduction to Epidemiology for Health Professionals by Jørn Olsen, Kaare Christensen, Jeff Murray, Anders Ekbom