By L. R. Poos
A Rural Society after the Black demise is a examine of rural social constitution within the English county of Essex among 1350 and 1500. It seeks to appreciate how, within the inhabitants cave in after the Black demise (1348-1349), a specific fiscal surroundings affected usual people's lives within the parts of migration, marriage and employment, and in addition contributed to styles of non secular nonconformity, agrarian riots and unrest, or even rural housing. The interval below scrutiny is frequently obvious as a transitional period among 'medieval' and 'early-modern' England, yet within the mild of modern advances in English ancient demography, this learn means that there has been extra continuity than swap in a few seriously very important facets of social constitution within the quarter in query. one of the most crucial contributions of the publication are its use of an unprecedentedly wide variety of unique manuscript files (estate and manorial files, taxation and criminal-court files, royal tenurial files, and the documents of church courts, wills etc.) and its software of present quantitative and comparative demographic equipment.
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Additional info for A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525
People, land and occupations 19 been discovered that dates from the later 1400s and that lends itself to this form of quantitative analysis. 2 presents material from only five rentals (two of them from the same manor) during the hundred years after 1350. Though the sample size is smaller than that of the earlier rentals, the patterns are again fairly consistent among the communities in question. 9 per cent) of all tenancies ranked among the humblest levels of propertyholders. This, in short, looks remarkably similar to the pre-1348 sample, and indeed there is no statistically significant difference between the earlier and later aggregations.
8. 5. Stebbing, 1444: BL Add. Roll 66046. 19 The landholding profile of northern and central Essex, as later sections of this study will show, was a corollary of both a very high population density in the district and a local economy in which more than half its rural dwellers were substantially dependent upon wage labour in agriculture or work in industrial, artisanal, or trading activities as early as the first half of the fourteenth century. g. Smith, 'Kin and neighbours', pp. 20-2 (nearly half the tenancies in Redgrave, Suffolk, in the later thirteenth century were less than two acres); Campbell, 'Population change and the genesis of commonfields', pp.
The poll-tax data and the tenurial patterns are, however, strikingly consistent. , Households, esp. pp. xiii-xxxiv. 1 per cent) 'households' were given occupations. It is an open question whether 'households' not designated with occupations were of a different social or economic composition from those that were: in other words, whether the likelihood of being designated with an occupation was independent of occupation itself. 2 per cent) than in this larger sample were given occupational designations.
A Rural Society after the Black Death: Essex 1350-1525 by L. R. Poos