By Olcher Sebastian Fedden.

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Additional info for A grammar of Mian, a Papuan language of New Guinea

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However, %gulɛl% must also surface as /gulɛl/ before /f/; menó gulel-aiobe/*menó gule-faiobe ‘I have put down the string bags’. 3 below). The only verbal classificatory prefixes which are not subject to morphophonemic change are the FEMININE singular prefix and the singular prefix for the FLAT class. They are realized as /om/ and /gam/, respectively. 3 Verb stems Verb stem allomorphy is extremely rare. g. /HLfa/ ‘put down’ and /LHLfa/ ‘lift up’, and the verb obligatorily takes a verbal classificatory prefix which classifies the direct object according to semantic criteria.

It is pronounced as [a]. Some older speakers collapse the sequence /an/ into a nasalized [ã] when followed by /s/, as in /Hans/ [ãs] ‘song’. In unaccented syllables, /a/ is reduced to [ɐ], in word-initial low-tone /Ca/ syllables even to [ə]. afǎl taman • /LHafal/ /Ltaman/ [ɐ̀fǎl] [tə̀màn] ‘mucus’ ‘valley’ /aˤ/ is low, central, pharyngealized vowel, which can form the nucleus of any syllable. It is longer than the non-pharyngealized /a/ and pronounced [aˑˤ]. In the orthography, it is written .

It only occurs syllable-initially and is pronounced [gʷ]. The spelling is . Word-initially, /g/ is realized as a prenasalized stop [ŋgʷ]. 2 Nasals • /m/ is a bilabial nasal which occurs in syllable-initial and final positions and as the second member of the syllable-initial consonant cluster /sm/. It is always realized as [m]. • /n/ is an alveolar nasal which occurs in syllable-initial and final positions and as the second member of the syllable-initial consonant cluster /sn/. It is always realized as [n].

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A grammar of Mian, a Papuan language of New Guinea by Olcher Sebastian Fedden.


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