By Michael Ferber

ISBN-10: 0521870429

ISBN-13: 9780521870429

This is often the 1st dictionary of symbols to be in keeping with literature, instead of 'universal' mental archetypes or myths. It explains and illustrates the literary symbols that all of us often come upon (such as swan, rose, moon, gold), and provides 1000's of cross-references and quotations. The dictionary concentrates on English literature, yet its entries diversity commonly from the Bible and classical authors to the 20 th century, taking in American and ecu literatures. For this re-creation, Michael Ferber has incorporated over twenty thoroughly new entries (including undergo, holly, sunflower and tower), and has additional to a few of the latest entries. Enlarged and enriched from the 1st variation, its expert kind and wealthy references make this booklet a vital instrument not just for literary and classical students, yet for all scholars of literature.

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Editorial Reviews
From Library Journal
This publication exhibits how a lot the traces proceed to blur among modern fiction and nonfiction. during this assortment, Michon, winner of the Prix France tradition Award, reconstructs the lives of 5 artists: Goya, Lorraine, Watteau, della Francesca, and Van Gogh. (One can't aid ask yourself why he selected brief fiction over biography. ) Michon's prose is sensual, yet those tales are usually descriptive instead of narrative. One longs for extra motion, much less cafe speak. nonetheless, Michon has a knack for shooting the why of artwork: "what portray skill, is to toil like a galley slave at the sea, with that furor, with that helplessness. " Michon breathes lifestyles into Van Gogh's postman and has him sing for the artist in Arles. There's a superb scene the place della Francesca accepts a small pig in fee for a wide portray of St. Martin. With this pig, the artist celebrates carnival along with his family members. steered for giant fiction collections. ?Doris Lynch, Monroe Cty. P. L. , Bloomington, Ind.

From Kirkus Reviews
Michon deals an excellent travel de strength of 5 items approximately paintings and artists: a frequently indescribably eloquent sleek taking on the place Vasari, say, may have left off. the existing temper is depression, albeit within the provider of the top goals. ``Trust this Sign,'' is ready the near-unknown Lorentino within the Quattrocento, who did actually obtain from Vasari just a couple of traces concerning the ``miracle'' of a farmer, while Lorentino's relations used to be ravenous, showing to provide a pig in trade for the portray of a saint. And the ensuing masterpiece? It hung in a rustic church, by no means visible via an individual influential, was once later positioned sooner than a gap within the wall, and used to be decreased gradually--to dirt. just a little much less attractive yet both attuned to the nuances and uncooked information of its time is Michon's research of the common-or-garden Goya's lifestyles in a fiercely class-bound Spain; and a similar is correct of the positive yet sincerely least formidable, ``The King of the Wood,'' during which an illiterate boy herds pigs and sheep--until Claude Lorraine adopts him as a disciple, elevating him to a princely caste. with no query, notwithstanding, one of many really nice items this is the wrenching ``. . . Io mi voglio divertir,'' in regards to the passionate lifetime of Watteau, who sought after the affection of all girls yet died at 38 (in 1721) racked by way of consumption--watching stacks of his personal erotic work, through his personal command, being burned. so much breathtaking, even though, is ``The lifetime of Joseph Roulin,'' the postman who knew, and was once painted by means of, Van Gogh, an easy guy who got here to appreciate that Van Gogh used to be ``someone who had believed so devotedly during this idea [of artwork] that he had turn into thought himself, ascended to nearly an analogous peak, and died of it. '' Stylistically challenging, yet a e-book frequently as passionate, appealing, and expert because the work it springs from. --

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(Roger Shattuck the hot York evaluate of Books)

"From the silence of work Pierre Michon conjures up marvels. A portrait turns into anyone of such complicated intensity as to indicate the mentality of an period. a colour turns into an idea. A portray turns into the painter, and phrases turn into portray. most widely, within the movement of Michon's meditations and narratives, the visionary turns into genuine, and the particular turns into visionary. those are severe moments to which such names as van Gogh or Goya are connected, names that recommend the poignancy and pathos of artwork amid the sweetness and incoherence and damaging nightmare of existence. Wyatt Mason’s translation is great in its power and precision. ”
—Leonard Michaels

About the Author
Pierre Michon is an writer of excessive acclaim in France and Europe. He was once winner of the Prix France tradition in 1984 for his first publication, Small Lives, and of the 1996 Prix de los angeles Ville de Paris for his physique of labor. He lives in France. Wyatt Mason, a contributing author for the hot York instances journal and a contributing editor at Harper's, has translated writing through Pierre Michon, Eric Chevillard, Michel de Montaigne, and Arthur Rimbaud. He teaches at Bard collage.

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Azure’’ has always had nearly the opposite connotation: it is the noble, pure, ideal blue, especially of the clear sky or the Mediterranean Sea. ’’) It is a favorite word of Shelley’s. Leopardi speaks of the purissimo azzurro of heaven (‘‘La Ginestra’’ 162). But some later writers saw the ideal as impossibly distant and indifferent to human suffering. Baudelaire sees a swan turning its neck ‘‘towards the ironic and cruelly blue sky’’ (‘‘Le Cygne’’). Mallarmé uses azur for the pure ideal toward which his soul sighs (‘‘Soupir’’), the ‘‘virginal azure’’ whose air makes his lips hungry (‘‘Don du Poème’’), but it is a ‘‘cruel ideal’’ for its ‘‘serene irony,’’ its inaccessibility except by glimpses to the tormented poet who tries to apprehend it (‘‘L’Azur’’).

142), while Juvenal asks, ‘‘What good is it . . 1--2). Juno, according to Chaucer, destroyed almost ‘‘al the blood / Of Thebes’’ (Knight’s Tale 1330--31). 1). 278), referring not only to their rank but their martial spirit. 33), turns on the value of blood (the word occurs seventy times): Jocaste hopes that common blood will bring peace, but Créon understands that the blood is bad and must be shed. Occasionally in classical poetry ‘‘blood’’ can refer to a person. 5--6); Byblis ‘‘hated the name of blood’’ (=brother) (Ovid, Met.

121--22). 20). The faithful are ‘‘justified by his blood’’ (Rom. 9); in him ‘‘we have redemption through his blood’’ (Eph. 7). The redeemed in heaven wear white robes, for ‘‘they have washed their robes, and made them white in the blood of the Lamb’’ (Rev. 14). 2--3). See Purple. 10). ‘‘Blue! -- ’Tis the life of heaven -- the domain / Of Cynthia,’’ Keats begins a sonnet; ‘‘Blue! ’’ ‘‘The blue of sky and sea, the green of earth,’’ according to Tennyson’s ‘‘Ancient Sage’’ (41), are the two great colors of the surface of things.

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A Dictionary of Literary Symbols by Michael Ferber

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