By Helmut K. Anheier
This advisor to civil society presents a brief and straightforward connection with the main humans, thoughts and enterprises of the 3rd region. It comprises nearly three hundred updated entries together with all phrases and ideas linked to civil society, in addition to neighborhood information. Key gains of the dictionary comprise: * definitions of ideas and phrases surrounding civil society* information on particular areas vital within the historical past of civil society, akin to India, the CIS and the united states* profiles of the foremost personalities and enterprises inquisitive about the 3rd zone* contains info on how the sphere operates (e.g. reasonable alternate, grassroots firms and go out strategies)* presents info that may differently require many volumes to find. key phrases comprise: Citizenship, Social Captial, Rule of legislation, Nonprofit administration, company duties and Social Origins conception.
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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Civil Society, Philanthropy, and the Nonprofit Sector
Furthermore, the organization may not be used for the personal benefit of founders, board members, managers, staff or associates. Such stipulations are equivalent to a non-distribution constraint and are often referred to as the asset test. An assets test, a technical term used by the US Internal Revenue Service, is one of the three tests, next to an endowment test and a support test, by which a private foundation in the USA can be considered an operating foundation. A private foundation will meet the assets test if 65% or more of its assets are either devoted directly to the active conduct of its exempt activity, to a functionally related business, or to a combination of the two, or consist of stock of a corporation controlled by the foundation, of which substantially all the assets are devoted to the above purposes.
Examples include the computer industry, research and development, disaster relief agencies, or theatre companies. g. written rules, formal job descriptions and performance criteria, and hierarchies exist in most organizations. The difference between a bureaucratic versus a non-bureaucratic organization is one of degree, and not a dichotomy. Indeed, organizational age and size are closely related to the extent of bureaucratization: larger organizations tend to have more bureaucratic elements, in particular a more formal administration, and older organizations tend to be more routinized and stable in their task performance.
For a financial audit, auditors will generally look at the organization’s expenses and revenues, seeking clear evidence that, for example, the expenses were properly authorized and supported by appropriate documents and that the revenues were correctly recorded and classified. The traditional audit does not make judgments about the financial strength of the organization nor confirm that the numbers used are right or wrong; rather an audit gives an opinion about the soundness and merits of the procedures and practices used.
A Dictionary of Civil Society, Philanthropy, and the Nonprofit Sector by Helmut K. Anheier